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Swacch Bharat Cess – Service Tax wef 15 November 2015

Swacch Bharat Cess of 0.5% wef 15th November 2015

The Swacch Bharat Cess was announced in the Budget 2015. However it was not made effective / applicable at that time.

The Budget 2015 (Finance Act, 2015) provided for the levy and collection of the Swacch Bharat Cess at a rate not exceeding 2%. The government has now notified that the Swacch Bharat Cess will be levied at a rate of 0.5% and will be effective from 15 November 2015.

Notification No. 21/2015 has been issued notifying 15th November 2015 as the date from which the Swacch Bharat Cess would be applicable.

Notification No. 22/2015 has been issued which specifies that an exemption has been granted in excess of the Swacch Bharat Cess calculated at 0.5% of the value of taxable services. Effectively, the rate of cess will be 0.5%.

Thus, the Rate of Service Tax increases to 14.5% with effect from 15th November 2015.

Below are some additional points to help you understand the implications better:

  • For services covered by abatement, for example, Goods and Transport Agency (GTA) service where at present the tax is payable at 4.2% (30% of 14%), the new rate of service tax will be 4.35% (30% of 14.5%, and not 4.2%+0.5% = 4.70%). Similarly, for other services covered by abatement, the effective service tax rate will be 14.5% x effective abatement rate under the latest notification/s.
  • In case of works contract, Service Tax is to be applied on the value at the rate of 14.5%. Thus, the effective rate of tax in case of original works will be 5.8% (14.5% * 40%) and in case of other than original works it will be 10.15% (14.5%*70%). Similar, would be for restaurant and outdoor catering services.
  • Swacch Bharat Cess has to be collected and paid separately from service tax and is not subsumed in existing service tax rate. The Swacch Bharat Cess should be be charged separately on the invoice, accounted separately in the books of account and paid separately under separate accounting code (which is soon expected to be notified).
  • If the services provided are covered by mega exemption notification i.e. 25/2012-ST. one does not need to charge only the Swacch Bharat Cess. Similar the Swacch Bharat Cess will not be applicable to the services covered by the negative list.
  • If the service have been provided prior to 15th November 2015 but invoiced on / after 15th November, and no advance has been received, we believe that teh Swacch Bharat Cess should be levied as required under the Point of Taxation Rules.
  • In case of reverse charge services where services have been received prior to 15th November 2015 but the consideration paid post after 15th November 2015, teh Swacch Bharat Cess will have to be paid.
  • We believe that since there has been no amendment to the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 regarding availment and utilisation of the Swacch Bharat Cess, credit of this cess is unlikely to be admissible. However, we also do believe that a suitable amendment would be made to the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 in due course.
  • Do remember that the Swacch Bharat Cess applicable only to services (and thus Service Tax). It does not apply to excise or customs duties. Thus, manufacturing entities should not charge any extra cess.

Quoted in Business Standard on Suzlon Energy

I have been quoted in Business Standard on 28th October, 2006. Below is the full article as it appeared in the supplement.

I have highlighted my quote in the article.

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Suzlon Energy to go slow on buyouts

Gayatri Ramanathan / Mumbai October 28, 2006

After pulling off one of the largest acquisitions in Indian corporate history in March this year, wind power major Suzlon Energy has ruled out further acquisitions.

“For the next three to four years we are looking at an organic growth for the company while we consolidate the Hansen acquisition,” Tulsi Tanti, chairman, told Business Standard.

Suzlon had acquired Belgian gearbox maker Hansen in March this year for $520 million (Rs 2,600 crore).

The wind power solutions company may, however, put up a turbine manufacturing plant in Portugal and double capacity at its China plant over two to three years.

Tanti said the Portugal plan was contingent on the company winning a Portuguese government tender for wind farms. “Other than this, we have no plans to put up a manufacturing plant anywhere except India as that gives us the maximum margins,” said Tanti.

He said that the Suzlon would also expand the capacity of its China plant to 1200 mw from the current 600 mw by FY 2008-09. “This will help us service the Chinese market, expected to grow to 30,000 mw by 2020, more efficiently,” said Tanti.

Analysts, however, pointed out that the company’s ability to borrow further may be in question given its current debt equity ratio which stands at 1.2: 1. Suzlon’s total debt is pegged at Rs 3,298 crore, of which Rs 2,600 crore was borrowed for the Hansen acquisition.


Mehul Mukati, research analyst at Emkay Securities, said, “Unless they look at an acquisition that does not involve a cash outflow such as a stock swap, there is no way Suzlon is going to raise finances for an acquisition in the next few years. They have enough cash flow to service their existing debt, but it will take them a few years to pay off the principal.”

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Quoted in Smart Investor, Business Standard on Reliance Energy

I have been quoted in Business Standard’s Smart Investor Supplement on Tuesday last (29th August, 2006). Below is the full article as it appeared in the supplement.

I have highlighted my quote in the article.

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Low on energy
POUND WISE
Mitali Wagle / Mumbai August 28, 2006

Reliance Energy’s stock price reflects the ambiguity shrouding its ambitious plans to scale up its power generation capacity.

The Anil Ambani-owned Reliance Energy (REL) seems to be losing steam on the bourses. A leading private sector player in the power distribution business, REL announced plans to jack up its power generation capacity from less than 1,000 MW currently to over 13,500 MW by 2011.

Its Dadri project was to kick off in 2009. However, two years after the plans were announced, there is still no clarity on the time line for the projects.

Key issues like land acquisition, gas availability and pricing are still to be sorted out. Besides, the company is bidding for ultra mega power projects, which also will take time to materialise.

Thanks to the uncertainty, investors have shunned the stock. In the past twelve months, the stock has plunged 30 per cent even as the Sensex has gained 51 per cent.

At the current market price of Rs 446.20, the stock trades at a price-to-earnings multiple of 14.57. Based on earnings estimates for FY07 and FY08, REL is trading at 13.3x and 12.2x, respectively, while its competitor Tata Power is trading at higher multiples of 17.4x and 16.4x.

Is REL a value buy at the current levels? Analysts are divided on this. While some believe it is a good play on the future growth opportunities, others feel it may be premature to bet on the stock as revenue visibility for the next couple of years remains hazy.

“Though REL’s engineering procurement and construction (EPC) arm and relatively new infrastructure segments are likely to do well, there seems to be no major progress in its power projects. I am not betting on the stock, at least until there is some earnings visibility in the power generation business,” says Mehul Mukati, analyst, Emkay Share and Stock Brokers.

Core businessAt present, REL derives a bulk of its revenues from its electrical energy business, which has delivered consistent growth.

In FY06, the segment contributed 79 per cent of the revenues against 70 per cent in the previous fiscal.

The distribution division supplies more than 5,000 MW of power to various areas of Mumbai, Delhi and Orissa. It has also applied to the Uttar Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission for distribution licences in Meerut, Ghaziabad and Noida.

REL’s Dahanu Power Station, one of the top performing coal-based power stations in the country, maintained a good performance despite lower demand because of heavy floods in Mumbai. Its other power stations at Samalkot and Goa are also doing well.

In the next couple of years, earnings growth from the existing energy business is likely to be muted unless state regulatory boards take some major steps to privatise more distribution circles.

The other significant revenue constituent for REL is its EPC division, which chipped in with 21 per cent (Rs 880 crore) to the company’s revenues in FY06.

The division takes up contracts for electrification, erection and operation of power plant equipment, grids, substations and transformers. It has bagged a rural electrification contract from the Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation (Rs 735 crore) and a power project order from Haryana Power Generation Company (Rs 2,097 crore).

Till March 2006, the EPC segment pocketed orders worth Rs 3,358 crore, to which in-house projects contributed 15 per cent. Considering the macro picture, the EPC business should help the company in boosting its growth prospects, believe analysts.

Promising futureAt present, REL’s 942 MW power generation business forms a small chunk of its revenues, but as and when the company’s proposed gas, coal, wind and hydro-based power generation projects in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal fructify, the picture is likely to change.

The 7,480 MW Dadri (Uttar Pradesh) and the 4,000 MW Shahapur (Maharashtra) gas-based power projects are potential goldmines for REL, but given the present pace of progress it could take a while before they could be factored in the business valuations.

These two projects are likely to commence operations in mid-2009 and 2011 respectively.

REL recently bagged the Urthing Sobla hydropower project (Uttaranchal) and plans to develop the two hydro projects in a joint venture with the Arunachal Pradesh government.

Dadri dramaThe mega gas-based Dadri power project in Ghaziabad will, on completion, be the world’s largest power generation plant at a single location. The project was announced in February 2004, but it is yet to attain financial closure.

According to the gas supply agreement signed by the Ambani brothers, post-split, Reliance Natural Resources (RNRL) would source gas from Reliance Industries (RIL) and supply it to REL’s Dadri project at Rs 2.6 per kwh or $3.18 mmbtu.

However, the petroleum ministry has recently rejected the gas valuation formula citing that the price is significantly lower than the prevailing market price of around $8-10 per mmbtu.

Combined with this, RNRL’s intention to pocket marketing margin for the gas procurement is likely to impact the cost of the project that plans to draw heavily on gas procured from RIL, according to analysts.

New avenuesThe company is foraying into the transmission business and will participate in the construction of 300 km transmission line for the Parbati and Koldam hydropower projects in Himachal Pradesh.

Realising the potential in the higher margin infrastructure projects, REL is investing Rs 500 crore in two NHAI road development projects and Rs 2,360 crore in MRTS (mass rapid transit system) project in Mumbai, on a BOOT basis.

In FY06, REL’s net sales fell a marginal 2.7 per cent to Rs 4,019.07 crore. However, both operating profit and net profit grew 25 per cent to Rs 737.27 crore and Rs 650.34 crore, respectively.

Analysts expect the FY07 and FY08 revenues to be Rs 4,370 crore and Rs 4,820 crore, respectively. Though, purely based on valuations, the stock looks attractive, there is no near-term trigger for it. However, the scrip may be an interesting addition for a long-term investor.

Motilal Oswal Securities recommends a buy at Rs 411 citing that the stock is largely a play on the future growth opportunities rather than on existing assured return businesses.

Enam Securities has put a “sector outperformer” rating at Rs 437 with a target of Rs 525. They believe earnings growth from the existing generation and distribution business would be muted. Clarity on the Dadri and Shahpur projects and success for its bids on ultra mega power projects would be the key triggers for the stock going ahead.

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